United States President Joe Biden has signed a string of govt orders, memorandums and directives that can reverse a few of his predecessor Donald Trump’s most divisive insurance policies, together with rescinding the so-called “Muslim ban” and rejoining the Paris climate accord.
Simply hours after his inauguration on the US Capitol on Wednesday, Biden signed 15 govt actions that his crew earlier mentioned aimed to “reverse the gravest damages of the Trump administration”.
Biden informed reporters within the Oval Workplace that there was “no time to waste”.
“Among the govt actions I’m going to be signing at this time are going to assist change the course of the COVID disaster, we’re going to fight climate change in a approach that we haven’t performed thus far and advance racial fairness and assist different underserved communities,” he mentioned, as reported by Reuters information company.
Political observers say Biden’s first main problem as he enters the White Home will probably be tackling the surging COVID-19 pandemic, which has killed more than 400,000 people throughout the nation to date.
To that impact, Biden signed an order on Wednesday afternoon to institute a 100-day masks mandate throughout the US and appoint a COVID-19 coordinator to handle a nationwide response to the pandemic.
Here’s a have a look at a few of Biden’s first govt actions as president:
Rescinding the ‘Muslim ban’
Biden rescinded the so-called “Muslim ban”, an govt order Trump signed in 2017 that banned travellers from seven Muslim-majority nations from getting into the US.
The ban was modified a number of instances amid authorized challenges and in the end upheld by the US Supreme Courtroom in 2018.
“The president put an end to the Muslim ban – a coverage rooted in spiritual animus and xenophobia,” Biden’s White Home Press Secretary Jen Psaki mentioned throughout a Wednesday night briefing.
The Council on American-Islamic Relations welcomed the choice as “an essential first step towards undoing the anti-Muslim and anti-immigrant insurance policies of the earlier administration”.
“It is a vital fulfilment of a marketing campaign pledge to the Muslim group and its allies,” the group’s govt director, Nihad Awad, mentioned in an announcement.
Rejoining Paris Settlement
The US will as soon as once more grow to be a celebration to the Paris Settlement, Biden additionally introduced.
The transfer to rejoin the worldwide treaty on climate change is anticipated to take impact 30 days after it’s deposited with the UN, Biden’s crew mentioned earlier on Wednesday.
In November, the US grew to become the primary nation on the earth to withdraw from the treaty – a transfer that fuelled tensions between Washington and its allies in Europe and drew widespread rebuke from environmental and human rights teams.
Launching masks mandate
Biden launched his “100 Days Masking Problem”, ordering a compulsory masks mandate in all US federal buildings for the primary 100 days of his administration to strive to stop the unfold of COVID-19.
The order asks Individuals to do their “patriotic responsibility and masks up for 100 days”, and it additionally creates the place of COVID-19 response coordinator, who will report immediately to the president and assist coordinate a unified nationwide response to the surging pandemic.
“This can strengthen our personal efforts to get the pandemic underneath management by bettering world well being,” Psaki mentioned in the course of the briefing, including that Dr. Anthony Fauci, one of many high US infectious illness specialists, would take part in a WHO assembly this week “because the US head of delegation”.
The Infectious Illness Society of America instantly welcomed the mandatory-mask order.
“The president’s order comes at a crucial level, when vaccines, in addition to a plan to speed up their rollout, provide new hope, but in addition when extra simply transmitted variants of the virus current new challenges,” the group mentioned.
Re-engaging with WHO
Biden is halting Trump’s deliberate withdrawal from the World Well being Group (WHO).
The Trump administration in July of final 12 months notified Congress and the United Nations that the US was formally withdrawing from the WHO. The choice would have gone into impact in July.
Trump justified the choice by saying the WHO “failed to make the requested and significantly wanted reforms” and accusing the group of serving to China cowl up the origins of the novel coronavirus.
The Biden-Harris administration is anticipated to take part in a WHO govt board assembly that’s persevering with this week, Biden’s crew mentioned earlier on Wednesday.
Bob Goodfellow, the interim govt director of Amnesty Worldwide USA, welcomed Biden’s WHO resolution as “a much-needed first step” in restoring Washington’s cooperation with the worldwide group.
He additionally urged Biden to assist the WHO’s COVAX programme, which goals to guarantee COVID-19 vaccines are evenly distributed between nations.
“It’s of the utmost significance that the Biden administration lead multilateral efforts to struggle the pandemic and to assist and fund world vaccine efforts,” Goodfellow mentioned.
Halting border wall development
Biden additionally rescinded the nationwide emergency declaration that was used to justify a few of Trump’s funding diversions to construct the wall on the US-Mexico border.
The order, Biden’s crew mentioned earlier on Wednesday, will direct “an instantaneous pause” in development to enable for a evaluation of the funding and contracting strategies used.
Constructing a “huge” and “lovely” wall between the US and Mexico to block undocumented immigrants from getting into the nation was one in every of Trump’s key 2016 election marketing campaign guarantees.
Rescinding Keystone pipeline approval
Biden additionally revoked the presidential allow granted to the multibillion-dollar Keystone XL pipeline, a contentious vitality mission that was slated to ship 830,000 barrels of oil per day between the Canadian province of Alberta and the US state of Nebraska.
Canada, which this week mentioned it remained dedicated to the mission, expressed its “disappointment” on the resolution on Wednesday.
However Matthew Campbell, workers lawyer on the Native American Rights Fund, which has represented Indigenous nations in authorized challenges towards Keystone XL, informed Al Jazeera Biden’s resolution is “vindication” for Native communities opposed to the pipeline.
In 2012, whereas serving as vice chairman to President Barack Obama, the US adopted Deferred Motion for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) to present momentary reduction from deportation to “Dreamers”, younger individuals who have been introduced to the US as youngsters.
The Trump administration has tried to terminate the programme, by way of which 700,000 younger folks have utilized for reduction.
In a presidential memorandum signed on Wednesday, Biden directed the Secretary of Homeland Safety, in session with the US Legal professional Normal, to make it possible for DACA is preserved and fortified.
The memorandum additionally calls on Congress to enact laws that would supply “everlasting standing and a pathway to citizenship” to the Dreamers.