Bogota, Colombia – Lots of of individuals gathered at a road nook in downtown Bogota on Monday to commemorate the anniversary of Dilan Cruz’s dying. His mom and sister organized a circle of flowers on the road the place the 18-year-old was shot by police a yr earlier throughout an anti-government protest, along with his garments and a framed portrait positioned within the centre.
All through the vigil, the principally younger crowd chanted: “Dilan didn’t die, Dilan was killed!”
The killing of Cruz, who was shot with a projectile by riot police at shut vary, fuelled Colombia’s burgeoning anti-government protests in late 2019. What started in November as a “Nationwide Strike” towards labour reforms, rapidly advanced right into a nationwide anti-government motion.
Lots of of hundreds of Colombians rallied to specific their anger with the administration of President Ivan Duque over a variety of points, together with its implementation of the 2016 peace deal, financial reforms, inattention to rural populations, inequality and the assassination of social leaders.
The protest motion misplaced momentum earlier this yr amid the nation’s coronavirus outbreak, with Duque in March introducing wide-ranging restrictions in an try and minimise the virus’s unfold. A lot of the nation remained underneath lockdown for six months as the federal government banned mass gatherings.
Colombia has confirmed greater than 1.25 million instances of COVID-19 and its dying toll from the illness has handed 35,000, in keeping with a Johns Hopkins College tally. Its economic system has additionally deteriorated amid the restrictions, with some sectors solely re-opening in September. Casual employees, who make up roughly 47 p.c of Colombia’s workforce, have been the toughest hit and are additionally probably the most susceptible to COVID-19.
Despite the months-long restrictions, the motion has continued actions. In June, the Nationwide Strike Committee despatched a letter to President Duque outlining six urged measures to answer the twin well being and financial crises, together with emergency hire subsidies and elevated assist for the general public training system. Duque’s administration had not responded to the letter or met the committee on the time of publication.
“This yr, despite the pandemic, I’ve seen many youths and households with a number of social consciousness,” mentioned Laura Garzon, considered one of Dilan Cruz’s lecturers who attended the vigil.
“The long run is unsure, however regardless the fight continues.”
The committee and different collectives have additionally organised a handful of marches in latest months to demand emergency measures to supply monetary aid and healthcare ensures.
Ruben Pinilla, a instructor and organiser for the District Affiliation of Schooling Staff, mentioned that hundreds of protesters had taken half in a number of demonstrations since June, despite the restrictions. Amongst them was the Indigenous Minga gathering from October 17 to 21, when 8,000 Indigenous folks from the southwest of Colombia travelled tons of of miles to the capital to demand governmental reform and safety for his or her territories and their leaders.
In a latest instalment of the nationwide strike, hundreds of scholars and employees took half in marches on November 19 demanding authorities reforms. The Central Union of Staff marched with banners declaring that “Duque neither listens nor negotiates.”
“We’re younger folks representing a voice that’s making an attempt and searching for to rework our futures,” mentioned Fabio Castro, director of activist drumming group Barbukana. He instructed Al Jazeera he marched in hope that the federal government would distribute assets equitably. “Artwork is likely one of the most forgotten sectors throughout this pandemic – there’s no financial aid, and the federal government doesn’t supply us employment alternatives both,” he mentioned.
Whereas the federal government has supplied some emergency aid, authorities have opened a number of investigations into irregularities in contracts linked to emergency coronavirus support and the potential involvement of officers.
Gimena Sanchez-Garzoli, director of the advocacy group Andes for the Washington Workplace on Latin America, instructed Al Jazeera, “Along with the earlier discontent, now protesters are reacting to the mass corruption of COVID-19 funds.” She added that some politicians have wielded the pandemic as an excuse to disregard pleas for elevated safety and different reforms.
The federal government has blamed latest protests on “outdoors infiltrators” from the ELN armed group and remaining FARC dissidents. In the course of the heated and spontaneous protests towards police brutality in September, the defence ministry pronounced them “an articulated, systemic, organised manifestation of violence and vandalism”.
When the committee introduced plans for a march on November 21, the anniversary of the most important mass mobilisation throughout final yr’s protests, the federal government introduced that choose purchases can be tax-free on that day. The protests had been a fraction of the dimensions of the earlier yr’s occasion, and native media reported floods of shoppers in buying centres.
Pinilla instructed Al Jazeera that organisers didn’t see the “essential mass” they had been hoping to welcome within the capital’s essential plaza, however that it was necessary to recognise that individuals gathered of their respective neighbourhoods all through Colombia.
“On this second, it is very important strengthen the everlasting presence [of the movement] in every territory,” he added.
Whereas the COVID-19 outbreak might proceed to discourage some folks from participating in mass gatherings, protest organisers and analysts mentioned the motion might proceed to evolve on native ranges.
Shauna Gillooly, PhD candidate and researcher in political science at UC Irvine, mentioned that the nationwide strike committee ought to ally with these protesting police brutality to amplify the motion sooner or later. In September, when a person was killed after police repeatedly shocked him with a taser in Bogota, town exploded into protests.
“There must be conversations concerning the nationwide strike increasing calls for and turning to the factions throughout the nationwide strike who weren’t represented nicely final yr,” she mentioned.
Pinilla’s organisation has been negotiating with native administrations, calling for extra political involvement and voter participation within the subsequent congressional election, and is hopeful social actions will proceed to develop.
“It’s an evolution not in dimension or amount, however in profound conviction and understanding of the causes that construct this platform for peaceable change,” Pinilla instructed Al Jazeera.